Diaphragmatic Breathing Flutists

Have you ever wondered what they actually mean

when they say “use your diaphragm” ?

relaxed diaphragm while exhaling

And once we get what that means, is diaphragmatic breathing really all it takes for flutists?

Or is there more to playing the flute with “good and adequate support”?

Air is our bow, so it is the basis of our sound and playing. And moreover, breathing is the fundamental activity of life.

Playing the flute touches the soul of so many people and can even result seductive, because it is so close to the basic movements of life. So enjoy learning more about it and use it carefully.

Make sure to use the breathing technique that best fits the expression you aim for.

Is chest breathing bad?

Chest breathing is what we use in everyday life. When we are stressed it can become a very limited flat breathing to the uppermost part of our chest.

When we panic we will just stop breathing at all or hyperventilate.

That is all part of chest breathing and life itself.

chest breathing - rips and chest expand in all directions

It is not bad at all, we develop muscles that we train just by living. Our rips are not fixed and can expand outward, the more we train those muscles. It is in fact the way back inwards that we need to control and delay. It is exhaling what is most interesting to a flutist.

But we usually use only the front part and not our back. So it is limited and not useful for playing any instrument just as it is. We need to become conscious of that and also develop our back breathing. We can do so, just by sitting in a chair or in a seat, leaning backwards.

You should try to feel your backbone moving away from the resistance you are leaning on by inhaling. As easy as that. You can train that while traveling, in class or meetings, even in orchestral rehearsals.

Once you are familiar with the feeling of expanding your lungs all around you and not just in front, we can start training delayed and controlled outbound airflow, exhaling, to be clear.

You can use any consonant (s, f , sh) for counting seconds and training to make it at least to 20 sec.

Can you do that? Which consonant is easier, thus gives you more control?

Let me know in the comment section below.

Diaphragmatic breathing – technique and benefits

Now we are ready to take a deep breath, literally. Put a hand on your stomach and try to breathe against it,  whith your tummy moving outwards. If it this seems weird, try to lean on anything at your abdominal height (table, the fist of a friend…) and you will immediately feel you abdominal muscles activate to prevent pain from the inbound pressure. This activation is what you need to feel. Inhaling is active, and the deeper, the more energy and muscles we need.

abdominal breathing

What happens anatomically is that your diaphragm, a muscle underlying your lungs and preventing your stomach from moving upward, is lying relaxed as a limit between the abdomen and its contents and the lungs and chest.

You can refer to the green line in the first image of this article. When you inhale your chest will expand forward, and only when you did the previous exercise right, also backwards. But the diaphragm is not moved automatically. We need to breath “into our stomach”, which just means that our lungs expand downwards as well by activating the diaphragm in a downward movement and sucking in the air. The abdominal content needs to go somewhere, so the belly expands.

abdominal muscles and diaphragm, inhaling and exhaling

But it doesn’t just move forward, if we do it correctly, and yes, you might have guessed it, it will also move outwards on the back, above our hips. There is plenty of space, and the lungs can expand making space to many liters of air.

That is inhaling. Exhaling in the anatomical and medical sense is relaxation, the stomach and abdominal content goes back to where it was, the rips go back inside and also the diaphragm turns to its original place. But not to the flutist! This is where we work the most, when exhaling.

This technique leaves us with a lot of oxygen, muscle movement and awareness. In itself it is very powerful and can be studied anywhere and at any time. Make sure you use both, chest and abdominal breathing and you become aware of how they work together. This calms you down and anchors you in the present. It prevents anxiety and helps with stressful situations. So actually, we flutists are blessed! We get to study playing the instrument and coping with performance anxiety at the same time!

For more information on performance anxiety, check out my article —> Fight or Flight.

Improve a flutist’s abdominal diaphragmatic breathing

Ok, but…

So we have covered the inhaling part of breathing. What about exhaling?

not breathing, holding your breath, example of apnea

You are perfectly right. This is what serves us the most when playing the flute. But only if we inhaled consciously and deeply as explained earlier. Otherwise, exhaling is close to playing your flute in apnea, which means not controlling anything, from sound to intonation nor phrasing.

So what we need to do is to get from exhaling like before in the chest breathing section, just for a long time on one consonant,  to move on to controlling the airflow.


This will also lead to a beautiful alive sound with a natural vibrato, which will become our business card.

So now we will feel where the control is based in our body by:

  • exhaling on continuous airflow introducing a pulsation with a combination of consonants like ts, ch, tsh…
  • doing the same while kneeling down, elongating the air column by stretching our backbone
  • doing the same while leaning with every part of the pack to a wall, knees bent as much as needed
  • leaning onto a table or friends fist with the lower part of the belly, just atop of the public zone

And there is still more to it. Every time you pronounce a new pulsation with the consonant combination chosen, try to move you belly outward. This and the above exercises stimulate what we need to develop:


Active exhaling to play the flute expressively using diaphragmatic breathing technique


ACTIVE EXHALINHG is different from what medicine and anatomy teach us.


Exhaling is passive to them.



But we need to activate it to be able to control it and use it in a communicative way.

So how do we do that?

What parts of exhaling do we need to train?

  1. angle of the airflow outward your lips : how do we study that? There is a fun way of practicing it, it’s called air football! You simply take a piece of paper and make a light and fist-size ball of it, put it in the middle of a table and on both ends of it, kneeling down, there are two players competing to make goal; all you can use is your breath and you can also only stop the ball with your breath. Goal is the opposite side of the table, where your opponent is kneeling just with his face above the table, like you.
  2. velocity of the airflow is determined with how far the air has to travel, how much air is sent up, how much space it has (diameter of the passway) and how big the pressure is. You can train it with the game above, moving the paper ball a long way at high speed
  3. volume of airflow is determined by your lips opening and your throat just like the connected elements of velocity and pressure. It doesn’t matter if it comes from your chest or abdomen though. It is only important when you need high volume for a prolonged time to make sure it comes from where there is more (so a complete inhalation).
  4. Pressure this is the product of gaining high speed on a short way up and having a small opening where to pass, it is what you need in table-soccer to make a goal, a lot of pressure, right angle and planning. This is also what you need for the right intonation and expressive playing.

All these aspects are very important for phrasing, intonation, articulation, sound quality and vibrato use.

On the latter aspect please get more insight and help with exercises on my      —-> vibrato special.

So in general, how you use those 4 parts (angle, velocity, volume, pressure) of exhaling and your muscles to control and activate them, determines your overall ability to play the flute and the quality of your sound.

Another way of thinking about controlling exhaling would be to imagine inhaling at the same time. That activates your diaphragm to move downward while actually letting out just as much air as you wish, at the right speed, pressure and volume.

Those are then further refined on the airflow’s way up through your body by encountering limitations, tensions or obstacles. We will speak more about the other three controlling points to your perfect sound in the next articles.

For now there are two more observations I’d like to share with you:

  • the right feeling of controlling your pubic zone, activating the diaphragm in a downward direction even when exhaling, can be obtained by imagining going to the loo. Yes, that’s right! Imaging controlling your “fluids and solids” way out of your body and you will use the right muscles!! (a horrified student told me, she imagines riding a bike uphill to activate those muscles. this is all the more horrifying to me ;))
  • only when you train your diaphragmatic breathing right you will develop some strong abdominal muscles. Be sure to relax them now and then, because you need them to be flexible, not just strong!

Breathing is natural and should be used for expressive reasons


Whenever you play, you are alive and playing with the very essence of life: air.

Be sure to get acquainted with it and familiar to how it feels in your body. Use it, don’t be afraid of it.

Use it also in your every day life, when talking, thinking or stressing out.

You are in control and you know where it resides. Use it for phrasing. The right length of a phrase is where your breath takes you, music and biology become one.

Don’t worry about circular breathing, worry about what you can say in one breath, with words and notes. Do it right, or at least with intention. Don’t waste not even one breath in vain!

Your natural breathing can be enhanced by mediation practices, which don not just improve your flute playing but also the quality of your life. More on that in my articles

———–> Meditation in Music

———–> Unleash your Potential


Breathing is life, playing the flute is magic and owning life.


So be proud and aware, play to add value to the world, study to become conscious. It is a sport, it is life, expression, virtuosity, and so much more. It is what you make of it!

FluteProfiles.com - Find Flutists and Flute Teachers Online
FluteProfiles.com – Find Flutists and Flute Teachers Online

FluteProfiles.com – Find Flutists and Flute Teachers Online


You can go on to my practice special or vibrato special and get more tips and tricks to hack your flute playing. You might also enjoy the recent article on meditation and flute practice.

If you have any questions or comments, please leave them below and I will get back to you!

I would love to hear what you think.

Happy flute life,


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8 thoughts on “Diaphragmatic Breathing Flutists”

  1. Hello dear Janie,
    As time goes by, I’m becoming a bigger fan of your website. I’m playing the flute for six months now, and I’m mostly self-taught, so every little detail that I might find on the internet helps. And let me tell you, your blog has helped me a lot. One thing that I found interesting is that our rips are not fixed and can expand outward. Wow! I had no idea!

    • Hello Kate, you can’t immagine what it means to me, being of help to someone who decided to play the flute. I can’t wish for anything more than add value to this wonderful adventure of yours. Thank you for your trust. To be precise the lower two rips are very flexible the others less, because they are linked in the front to your sternum, but they are also flexible. So you are not trapped but can expand!!
      If you have any specific questions I would love to know and be of help in one of my next posts if I can.

  2. Thanks for the article! My little girl has been wanting a flute actually, and we have been hesitate on getting her one because we don’t know much about flutes. Do you know a good one that would work for beginners?

    • Thank you, Jessie! Sure I can help you. What is your daughter’s age and height?
      She might need to choose one with a curved head if her arms can’t comfortably reach the keys. There are lots of possibilities, I recommend to start with a flute that comes with both, curved and straight headjoints. That way she won’t outgrow her flute in a few months!
      I also recommend an offset G key and split E meccanism. Open or closed keys are both fine. I recommend open from the beginning. It gets you closer to fealing the air stream and forces your hands and fingers into the right position. Pay attention if your daughter is allergic to Nickel or other metal substances as in beginner flutes there are a bunch of them.
      If you have any more questions, don’t hesitate to ask!
      Take care and step by some other time if you wish,

  3. That air football technique sounds fun! I like to meditate so I this is a useful article for me to apply to my meditation as breathing is so important in not so many different areas of life. I can’t think of anything that can make you relax better then that. (except for mantra meditation) but I am getting off topic.

    I personally play the guitar, but it’s still useful to read about for my future as I will inevitably have to sing eventually. (although hopefully not lol) great article, professional, like the pictures too, good amount, cool website. Good job.

    • Thank you so much Jake, maybe I can also use some meditation! Will come and visit your site. You are so right, breathing is everything and yet we rarely ever think about it, unless we have to. Like singing lol, waiting for your youtube giutar and singing videos! Thank you for the positive review.
      Take care,

  4. Dear Janie
    Thank you very much for your fantastic explanation of breathing techniques. It is amazing that you encourage people to start an exciting journey to this musical fairy-tale.
    Kind regards,


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